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Biology Course Descriptions

Undergraduate Biology Courses

The following course list is copied from the 2006 - 2007 catalog. This is not an official version.


Biol 101

The Science of Life - Biology for Non-Science Majors.
(3)(Prereq: Science 101, 101L) (Coreq: Biology 101L) A non-technical introduction to Biology for non-science majors. This course will introduce students to basic biological processes and relate them to everyday life.

Biol 101L

The Science of Life Laboratory for Non-Science Majors.
(1) (Prereq: Science 101, 101L) (Coreq: Biology 101) A non-technical introduction to Biology for non-science majors. This course will introduce students to basic biological processes using a series of hands-on laboratory exercises.

Biol 121

Biological Science I.
(3) (Coreq: Biology 121L) An introduction to biological principles for students majoring in biology and related fields of study. Topics include scientific method, chemistry of life, macromolecules, cell structure and function, mendelian and molecular genetics. F, S, S1.

Biol 121L

Biological Science I Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 121) Experiments, related to topics in Biology 121. Exercise topics include evolution, experimental design, data analysis, photosynthesis, cellular respiration and macromolecules. F, S, S1.

Biol 122

Biological Science II.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121, 121L) (Coreq: Biology 122L)An introduction to biological principles for students majoring in biology and related fields of study. Topics include evolution, origin of life, plant and animal development, ecology. F, S.

Biol 122L

Biological Science II Laboratory.
(1) (Prereq: Biology 121, 121L) (Coreq: Biology 122) Experiments, exercises and demonstrations emphasizing topics covered in Biology 122 with an oral communications component. F, S.

Biol 232

Human Anatomy and Physiology I.
(3) (Coreq: Biology 232L) An introduction to the structure and function of cells, tissues, organs, and the muscular-skeletal systems of the body. Required of students in nursing, pre-pharmacy, and most health-related programs. Not available for major or minor credit. Three lecture hours per week. F.

Biol 232L

Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 232) A practical approach to the study of the structure and function of cells, tissues and organs. The systems which are covered in Biology 232 are emphasized in this Lab. Three laboratory hours per week. F.

Biol 242

Human Anatomy and Physiology II.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121 or 232) (Coreq: Biology 242L) A continuation of Biology 232 covering the nervous, endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory and reproductive systems. Required of students in nursing, pre-pharmacy and most health-related programs. Not available for major or minor credit. Three lecture hours per week. S.

Biol 242L

Human Anatomy and Physiology II Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 242) A practical approach to the study of the structure and function of the systems covered in Biology 242. Three laboratory hours per week. S.

Biol 300

Biology Seminar.
(1) Opportunity for students to study, discuss and present papers on topics of historic and/or contemporary biologic importance. F, S.

Biol 302

Marine Biology.
(3) (Writing Intensive) (= Marine Science 302) (Prereq: Marine Science 112 and Biology 122) (Coreq: Biology 302L) Study of the adaptive and evolutionary mechanisms by which organisms are able to occupy the various marine habitats. The evolutionary development of the diversity of marine organisms. Three lecture hours per week. F, S.

Biol 302L

Marine Biology Laboratory.
(1) (Writing Intensive)(=Marine Science 302L) (Coreq: Biology 302) The laboratory will demonstrate the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

Biol 310

Invertebrate Zoology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 122 or Marine Science 302) (Coreq: Biology 310L) Phylogenetic and comparative aspects of anatomy, physiology, reproduction, and embryology of the invertebrates. Three lecture hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 310L

Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory
(1) (Coreq: Biology 310) Laboratory exercises to accompany Biology 310. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 315

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121 or Marine Science 302) (Coreq: Biology 315L) A comparative and embryological approach to the structure of vertebrate systems. Three lecture hours per week. F.

Biol 315L

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 315) A practical, comparative approach to the study of the structure of vertebrates. The dogfish shark and domestic cat are the emphasized laboratory specimens. Three laboratory hours per week. F.

Biol 325

Systematic Botany.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121, 122) (Coreq: Biology 325L) Identification, classification, nomenclature, distribution and systematic relationship of vascular plants with emphasis on local flora. Three lecture hours per week. S.

Biol 325L

Systematic Botany Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 325) Field experience including trips to maritime, riverine and upland habitats. Three laboratory hours per week. S.

Biol 328

Plant Pathology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121, 122, and 330 recommended) (Coreq: Biology 328L) A study of plant diseases. Topics include parasitism and disease development, interaction of pathogens and host plants, genetics of plant disease, epidemiology, control of diseases and a survey of specific plant diseases. F, even years.

Biol 328L Plant Pathology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 328) Laboratory exercises to accompany lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered on demand.
Biol 330

Microbiology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121 and 122) (Coreq: Biology 330L) An introduction to bacteria and viruses, emphasizing morphology, ultrastructure, metabolism, and growth. Discussion of pathogenic microbes, antigen-antibody relationships and antimicrobial agents in chemotherapy. Three lecture hours per week. S.

Biol 330L Microbiology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 330) Laboratory exercises to accompany Biology 330. Three hours per week. S.
Biol 340

Cell Biology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121, 122 and Chemistry 112) (Coreq: Biology 340L; Chemistry 331 is recommended) An integrated approach to the structure and function of cells. Cytology and fine structure of cell organelles, membranes, and extracellular structures will be discussed, as well as the techniques available to cell biologists. Three lecture hours per week. F, S.

Biol 340L

Cell Biology Laboratory.
(1) (Writing Intensive) (Coreq: Biology 340) Laboratory exercises to accompany Biology 340. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

Biol 343

Comparative Physiology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 122 or Marine Science 302 and Chemistry 331 or permission of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 343L) The comparative study of the origins, relationships, and functions of physiological mechanisms in vertebrate animals. Three lecture hours per week. S.

Biol 343L

Comparative Physiology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 343) Laboratory exercises to accompany Biology 343. Three laboratory hours per week. S.

Biol 345

Biology of Human Cancer.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121) Topics covered in this course will include, the nature and cause of cancer, cancer at the cellular and molecular levels, cancer prevention and treatment, and overview of major types of cancer, and prospects for the future. Three hours of lecture per week. May.

Biol 349

Plant Physiology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121,122 and Chemistry 112; Chemistry 331 is recommended) (Coreq: Biology 349L) A study of plant function. Topics include water relations, mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, plant metabolism, plant growth and development, and environmental physiology. Laboratory exercises will demonstrate principles in lecture topics. Three lecture hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 349L

Plant Physiology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 349) Laboratory exercises to accompany Biology 349. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 350

Fundamentals of Genetics.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121, 122 or Marine Science 302) (Coreq: Biology 350L) Basic principles of transmission and molecular genetics; quantitative inheritance, recombination; biochemical aspects of gene function and regulations; developmental genetics and population genetics. Three lecture hours per week. F, S.

Biol 350L

Fundamentals of Genetics Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 350) Laboratory exercises to accompany Biology 350. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

Biol 365

Evolution.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121 and 122 , or consent of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 365L) This course will provide students with a comprehensive framework of evolutionary theory. Topics include population genetics, speciation, systematics, and macroevolution. Three lecture hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 365L

Evolution Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 365) This laboratory gives students the opportunity to further their knowledge of evolution through hands-on, field and laboratory-based exercises. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 370

Principles of Ecology.
(3) (Writing Intensive) (Prereq: Biology 122 or Marine Science 302) (Coreq: Biology 370L) Interactions of organisms and their environments. Ecosystem structure and function. Three lecture hours per week. F, S.

Biol 370L

Principles of Ecology Laboratory.
(1) (Prereq: Biology 122L or Marine Science 302L) (Coreq: Biology 370) Applications of principles and techniques used in the study of ecology, both in the lab and in the field. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

Biol 375

Biology of Marine Mammals.
(3) (= Marine Science 375) (Prereq: Marine Science 302 or Biology 370) (Coreq: Biology 375L) A comprehensive survey of the biology and ecology of marine mammals, emphasizing the cetaceans, pinnipeds, sirenians, and sea otters. Major topics will include evolution and classification, anatomy and physiology, feeding and trophics interactions, life history, social organization and behavior, communication, cognition, and interactions with humans. Three lecture hours per week. F.

Biol 375L

Marine Mammals Laboratory.
(1) (=Marine Science 375L) (Coreq: Biology 375) The laboratory will demonstrate the topics and principles presented in the lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F.

Biol 390

Natural History of East Africa.
(4) (Prereq: Biology 121, 122, permission of instructor) A survey of the flora and fauna of the major biomes of East Africa, including the coral reef. Students will study the interrelation of the organisms with their environment and the stresses caused by population, climate, tourism, and habitat destruction. Three weeks field experience in east Africa will be supplemented with lectures at various stages of the trip. Students will be required to maintain journal entries of identified plant and animal species. May, odd years.

Biol 391

Natural History of the Rainforest and Galapagos Islands.
(4) (Prereq: Biology 121 or 122) A survey of the flora and fauna of the Rain forest in the Amazon Basin and the Galapagos Islands. A two-week field experience will be supplemented with lectures at various stages of the trip. May, even years.

Biol 397

Selected Topics.
(1-4) (Prereq: Permission of the instructor) These topics are designed to allow the development of seminars and courses in special areas of biology. F, S.

Biol 399

Independent Study.
(1-6) (Prereq: Permission of instructor and approved contract) Directed study on specific topics. F, S.

Biol 410

Developmental Biology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 340 or 350 or permission of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 410 L) The course provides an understanding of modern developmental biology and considers classical embryology as well as the molecular basis of development. Topics include gametogenesis and fertilization, embryogenesis, cell differentiation, pattern formation and organogenesis, and cell cycle regulation. Discussion of emerging areas of developmental biology such as cloning, stem cell research, cancer genetics and genomics.

Biol 410L

Developmental Biology Laboratory.
(1) (Prereq: Biology 340 or 350 or permission of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 410) A laboratory course to complement Biology 410 that will introduce students to some of the basic experimental questions and techniques of developmental biology.

Biol 423

General Entomology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 122) (Coreq: Biology 423L) A general study of insects, closely related arthropods and insects of medical importance; morphology, physiology, ecology, taxonomy and life cycles. Three lecture hours per week. F, even years.

Biol 423L

General Entomology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 423) Includes field experience and an insect collection. Three laboratory hours per week. F, even years.

Biol 424

Mycology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 122) (Coreq: Biology 424L) An introduction to the understanding of the taxonomic relationships of the various fungal groups, as well as an introduction to the understanding of fungal growth, reproduction, metabolism, ecological relationships, and the utilization by and effects on human beings. Three lecture hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 424L

Mycology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 424) An applied approach to the study of fungi, focusing on isolation and identification. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 426

Ichthyology: Fish Biology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 122 or Marine Science 302 and/or permission of instructor) (Prereq or Coreq: Biology 426L) Morphology, classification, evolution and distribution of fishes with emphasis on South Carolina marine and freshwater species. Three lecture and per week. F, odd years.

Biol 426L

Ichthyology Laboratory.
(1) (Prereq or Coreq: Biology 426) Laboratory and field exercises emphasizing the topics covered in Biology 426. Students will be required to make and turn in a collection of preserved fish specimens. Three laboratory hours per week. F, odd years.

Biol 431

Parasitology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 122) (Coreq: Biology 431L) A detailed study of the parasites of medical importance to humans with emphasis on the morphology, life cycles and the effects of these parasites on the human body. Three lecture hours per week. S.

Biol 431L

Parasitology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 431) A practical approach to the study of parasites of medical importance to humans. The recognition of selected species of parasitic protozoa and helmiths and their structural detail is emphasized. Three laboratory hours per week. S.

Biol 436

Animal Behavior.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 370) (Coreq: Biology 436L) This course traces historical and modern developments in the study of animal behavior and emphasizes the evolutionary, ecological, physiological determinants of behavior. Three lecture hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 436L

Animal Behavior Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 436) This lab course gives students the opportunity to further their knowledge of animal behavior through hands-on field and laboratory-based exercises. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 442

Advanced Genetics.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 350 or permission of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 442L) This course will cover the molecular processes of genetic change within genomes, individuals, and populations over both short and long time-scales. Furthermore, students will read current research in evolutionary genetics to better appreciate the benefits and detriments of genetic change in domesticated and natural populations of organisms. Three lecture hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 442L

Advanced Genetics Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 442) Laboratory exercises to accompany Biology 442. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 450

Molecular Biology and Evolution.
(3) (Coreq: Biology 450L) Techniques of molecular analysis with emphasis on DNA methods, including cloning, PCR, DNA sequencing, RFLP, RAPD and VNTR analysis. Applications of these techniques to problems in ecology, evolution, population studies, animal behavior and other areas of science.

Biol 450L

Molecular Biology and Evolution Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 450) Exercises and guided reading to accompany Biology 450.

Biol 451

Molecular Techniques.
(4) A research-based practicum on techniques of DNA analysis. Laboratory exercises serve as an introduction to DNA purification, quantitation and sequencing, PCR, gel electrophoresis, enzyme digestion and cloning.

Biol 455

Marine Botany.
(3) (= Marine Science 455) (Prereq: Biology 122 or Marine Science 302 or permission of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 455L) A field course in marine flora with emphasis on ecology and functional morphology. Work will stress the roles of marine bacteria, fungi, algae, and angiosperms in coastal marine communities. Three lecture hours per week. F, even years.

Biol 455L

Marine Botany Laboratory.
(1) (=Marine Science 455L) (Coreq: Marine Science 455) The laboratory will demonstrate the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F, even years.

Biol 461

Ornithology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 370 or permission of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 461L) The study of birds with emphasis on morphological and behavioral adaptations exhibited by birds in response to their environment. Laboratory exercises introduce the student to the diversity of birds with emphasis on the avifauna of North America. Topics include field identification of species, morphological and behavioral adaptions for feeding and locomotion, bird assemblages of the southeastern United States, and censusing procedures for estimating population densities. Three lecture hours per week. F, even years.

Biol 461L

Ornithology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 461) Field experience and exercises to accompany Biology 461. Three laboratory hours per week. F, even years.

Biol 461L

Ornithology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 461) Field experience and exercises to accompany Biology 461. Three laboratory hours per week. F, even years.

Biol 470

Biology of Aging.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121 or Psychology 423 or Sociology 455) A study of aging in cells, organ systems and organisms with emphasis on the human aging process. Topics include biological changes associated with aging and factors that affect the rate of aging. Three lecture hours per week. NOT AVAILABLE FOR BIOLOGY MAJOR OR MINOR CREDIT IN BIOLOGY. Offered on demand.

Biol 475

Marine Ecology.
(3)(=Marine Science 475) (Prereq: Permission of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 475L) Principles of organismic environmental interactions in various marine habitats. Emphasis on marshes, estuaries and coastal waters. Each student will be required to give an oral presentation. Three lecture hours per week. F.

Biol 475L

Marine Ecology Laboratory.
(1) (=Marine Science 475L) (Coreq: Biology 475) The laboratory will demonstrate the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F.

Biol 476

Marine Plankton.
(3) (=Marine Science 476) (Prereq: Biology 302) (Coreq: Biology 476L) This course explores the structure and function of planktonic communities. The role of phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacteria are examined in detail. Concepts such as: mineral cycling, energy flow, predator/prey relationships, trophic interactions as well as spatial and temporal dynamics are investigated in lecture, discussion, and an integrated laboratory setting. Three lecture hours per week. S.

Biol 476L

Marine Plankton Laboratory.
(1)(=Marine Science 476L)(Coreq: Biology 476) The laboratory will demonstrate the topics and principles presented in lecture. The laboratory consists of field studies conducted in estuarine and marine environments and may require weekend commitments. Three laboratory hours per week. S.

Biol 477

Ecology of Coral Reefs.
(3) (= Marine Science 477) (Prereq: Permission of instructor) Principles of organization, structure, productivity and biological diversity of coral reef ecosystems, with emphasis on their sensitivity and stability. Three lecture hours per week plus a two-week field experience on a tropical coral reef. Su.

Biol 481

Freshwater Ecology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 370 or Permission of Instructor) (Coreq: Biology 481L) Interactions of physical, chemical, and biological properties of freshwater ecosystems (i.e., groundwater, wetlands, lakes, and streams.) Three lecture hours per week. F.

Biol 481L

Freshwater Ecology Laboratory.
(1)( Prereq: Biology 370L or Permission of Instructor)(Coreq: Biology 481) Laboratory and field exercises devoted to understanding the interactions of physical, chemical, and biological properties of freshwater ecosystems. Three laboratory hours per week. F.

Biol 482

Plant Ecology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 121, 122)(Coreq: Biology 482L) A survey of natural plant communities and theories of plant ecology including the interrelationships between plants and their environment. Three lecture hours per week. S, even years.

Biol 482L

Plant Ecology Laboratory.
(1)( Prereq: Biology 121L/122L) (Coreq: Biology 482) Applications of principles and techniques used in the study of plants and their ecology, both in the lab and in the field. Three laboratory hours per week. S, even years.

Biol 484

Conservation Ecology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 370) (Coreq: Biology 484L) This course will provide students with a comprehensive framework of conservation ecology. Students that successfully complete this course will learn the techniques used to study biodiversity and become familiar with the framework used to address problems in conservation biology. Three lecture hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 484L

Conservation Ecology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 484) This lab course gives students the opportunity to further their knowledge of conservation biology through hands-on, field and laboratory-based exercises. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered on demand.

Biol 485

Vertebrate Zoology.
(3) (Prereq: Biology 122 or permission of instructor) (Coreq: Biology 485L) The classification and natural history of vertebrates with additional emphasis on adaptive features in the functional morphology and ethology of animals. Three lecture hours per week. SU II, odd years

Biol 485L Vertebrate Zoology Laboratory.
(1) (Coreq: Biology 485 or permission of instructor) Laboratory and field experiences emphasizing the topics covered in Biology 480. Laboratories will be centered around field observations of local vertebrates and may include field trips at "unusual" times - nights, early mornings and weekends. Four laboratory hours per week. SU II, odd years.
Biol 488

Wetland Plant Ecology.
(3) (=Marine Science 478) (Prereq: Biology 121, 122 or Marine Science 302) (Coreq: Biology 488L) (Biology 370 is recommended) An introduction to wetland types, wetland processes, and wetland management. Types of wetlands covered will include tidal freshwater, tidal saltwater, mangroves, interior freshwater, bogs, swamps, and riparian. Processes covered will include hydrology, biogeochemistry, and biological adaptation. Wetland management topics will include wetland def?initions, classification, evaluation, manipulation, creation, and protection. Three lecture hours per week. F, odd years.

Biol 488L

Wetland Plant Ecology Laboratory.
(1) (=Marine Science 478L) (Prereq: Biology 113L or Marine Science 302L) (Coreq: Biology 488) (Biology 370L is recommended) Applications of principles and techniques used in the study of wetland plants and their ecology, both in the lab and in the field. Three laboratory hours per week. F, odd years.

Biol 499

Directed Undergraduate Research.
(1-6) (Prereq: Permission of in-structor and approved contract) Selected and structured undergraduate research projects conducted with faculty direction and participation. Projects will involve the exploration of biological problems with the scientific method. One conference and at least 5 laboratory or field research hours per week. F, S.