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Careers in Health

Careers in Health

Careers in Public Health and Health Professions

Careers in public health work with populations to prevent disease and promote health. More specifically, public health practitioners work to prevent epidemics and the spread of disease, protect against environmental hazards, prevent injury, promote and encourage healthy behaviors, respond to disasters and assist communities in recovery, and assure the quality and accessbility of health services. Below are some common career specialties in public health.

  • Applied Health Research
  • Biostatistics and Data Management
  • Preparedness and Emergency Management  
  • Environmental Health
  • Epidemiology and Disease Control  
  • Family and Child Health
  • Global Health
  • Health Education/Promotion
  • Health Communications 
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy and Management
  • Health Services Administration
  • Nutrition/Dietetics
  • Occupational Safety
  • Public Health Laboratory Practice
  • Sexual and Reproductive Health 
  • For more information, visit www.whatispublichealth.org and www.thisispublichealth.org

Careers in the health professions work with individuals to diagnose and treat disease.  Below are some common career specialties in the health professions.

  • Audiology
  • Biomedical Research 
  • Dentistry
  • Forensic Science
  • Medicine
  • Nursing
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Optometry
  • Pharmacy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Physician Assistant
  • Speech Language Pathology
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • For more information, visit: www.explorehealthcareers.org

Work Settings in Public Health and Health Professions1,2

Careers in both public health and health professions exist in many work settings such as communities, schools, hospitals, laboratories, and corporations.  All work settings may be separated into three employment sectors: Public, Nonprofit, and Private.  Below are descriptions of those employment sectors.  For more information, click here. 

  • Public sector careers include employment with federal, state, county or city government agencies or organizations.  Careers in the public sector serve the public good and are funded (fully or partly) through public monies (taxes).  Example agencies or organizations include Coastal Carolina University, S.C. Department of Education, S. C. Department of Health and Environmental Control, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and U.S. National Institutes of Health.
  • Nonprofit sector careers include employment with organizations that provide services for public good to supplement or support public sector agencies.  Nonprofit organizations are classified as 501(c) by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and operate using various funding mechanisms such as monies from government grants, donations, or services delivered to consumers.  Example organizations include the American Cancer Society, American Red Cross, American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), and United Way.

  • Private sector careers include employment with corporations, companies, or other organizations that operate by private individuals or groups to make a profit (money) for its owners, shareholders, or the company.  Private organizations range from a mom-and-pop company to a global Fortune 500 corporation. Example organizations include Carolinas HealthCare System, Johnson & Johnson, Cardinal Health, GlaxoSmithKline, and Walmart.

Online Resources for Career Opportunities in Health

Resources with Various Career Opportunities In Health 

American Public Health Association Career Mart
http://careers.apha.org/careerdev/

Disability Scoop Jobs
http://jobs.disabilityscoop.com/ 

Emory Public Health Employment Connection
http://cfusion.sph.emory.edu/PHEC/phec.cfm

Health Promotion Career Network
http://hpcareer.net

Medworking Database
http://www.medworking.com/jobs/search-jobs.html

National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc.
http://www.nchec.org/news/docs/jobs.htm

National Network of Public Health Institutes
http://nnphi.org/news-events/careers-2

Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce
http://phpartners.org/jobs.html 

Public Health Jobs
http://www.publichealthjobs.net/

Public Health Jobs Worldwide
http://www.jobspublichealth.com/

Society for Public Health Education (Membership Required)
http://www.sophe.org/Sophe_Jobs_Internship.cfm

South Carolina Healthcare Jobs
http://healthcare.jobs.net/jobs/south-carolina.aspx

Wellness Council of America
http://www.welcoa.org/freeresources/index.php?category=14

 

Resources with Public Sector Careers

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (Database)
http://www.jobtarget.com/home/index.cfm?site_id=10681

National Association of County and City Health Officials (Database)
http://careers.naccho.org/

South Carolina Budget and Control Board Human Resources
http://www.ohr.sc.gov/OHR/OHR-jobs-portal-index.phtm

USAJOBS, the U. S. Federal Government's Official Employment Database
http://usajobs.gov 

U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
http://www.ahrq.gov/about/careers/index.html

U.S. Air Force Civilian Health Promotion Opportunities
Apply online at Spectrum Healthcare Resources
www.SHRUSA.com

U.S. Department of Food and Drug Administration
http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WorkingatFDA/default.htm

U.S. Department of Health Resources and Services Administration
http://www.hrsa.gov/hr/index.html

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
http://www.hhs.gov/careers/

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/employment/

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/employment.htm

U.S. Department of State
http://www.state.gov/careers/

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
http://www.va.gov/jobs/  

U.S. National Institutes of Health
http://www.jobs.nih.gov/

U.S. National Library of Medicine
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/careers/jobopenings.html 

 

Resources with Nonprofit Sector Careers

American Association of Retired Persons
http://jobs.aarp.org/

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/aboutus/employmentopportunities/

American Red Cross
http://www.redcross.org/about-us/careers

Chronicle of Philanthropy (Database)
http://philanthropy.com/jobs/ 

Doctors Without Borders
http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/work

Foundation Center (Database of Foundations)
http://foundationcenter.org/pnd/jobs/

Idealist (Database)
http://idealist.org

Medical Library Association
http://www.mlanet.org/jobs/index.html

Nonprofit Jobs (Database)
http://nonprofitjobs.org/

OpportunityKnocks (Database)
http://opportunitynocs.org/

Partners in Health
http://www.pih.org/pages/employment

Public Health Foundation
http://www.phf.org/AboutUs/Pages/Employment_Opportunities.aspx

South Carolina Association of Nonprofit Organizations (Database)
http://www.scanpo.org/nonprofit-job-center/

United Nations
http://www.un.org/en/employment/ 

United Nations Global Opportunities
http://careers.un.org/lbw/Home.aspx

United Way
http://apps.unitedway.org/jobs/

World Health Organization
http://www.who.int/employment/en/
See also http://www.who.int/hac/about/careers_roster/en/index.html 

Work For a Good Cause (Database)
http://www.work4agoodcause.com

 

Resources with Private Sector Careers

Aetna
http://www.aetna.com/about-aetna-insurance/aetna-careers/

BlueCross BlueShield
http://www.bcbs.com/careers/  

Cardinal Health
http://www.cardinal.com/us/en/Careers/

Carolinas HealthCare System
http://careers.carolinashealthcare.org/

Conway Medical Center
http://conwaymedicalcenter.com/Careers.aspx   

GlaxoSmithKline
http://www.gsk.com/careers.html

Johnson & Johnson
http://careers.jnj.com/

McLeod Health/Hospital
http://www.mcleodhealth.org/careers/

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
http://careers.mskcc.org/ 

 

Resources with Education Careers

Academic Keys (Database)
http://education.academickeys.com/seeker_job.php

American Education Research Association
http://www.jobtarget.com/home/home.cfm?site_id=557

American School Health Association (Career Center)
http://careercenter.ashaweb.org/   

Chalkboard, Opportunities for Educators (Database)
http://www.thechalkboard.com/Opportunities/EdOp.html 

Chronicle of Higher Education Career Network
www.chronicle.com/jobs/ 

Coastal Carolina University Human Resources
https://www.coastal.edu/hreo/employment/index.html

Diverse Issues in Higher Education Jobs
http://diversejobs.net/

Education World Employment Center Online
http://www.education-world.com/jobs

HigherEd Jobs
http://www.higheredjobs.com/

National Education Association
http://www.nea.org/home/825.htm

University of South Carolina Division of Human Resources
http://hr.sc.edu/employ.html  

Teachers (Database)
http://www.teachers.net/ 

 

Resources with Nutrition Careers

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
http://www.healthecareers.com/eatright 

American Botanical Council
http://abc.herbalgram.org/site/PageServer?pagename=Employment

Center for Science in Public Interest
http://www.cspinet.org/about/jobs.html

U.S. Food and Drug Administration
http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WorkingatFDA/default.htm

U.S. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
http://nccam.nih.gov/about/jobs

U.S. Pharmacopeia
https://uspcareers.silkroad.com/uspext/EmploymentListings/EmploymentListingsUSP.html

 

Resources with Generic Career Search Engines

Career Builder
http://www.careerbuilder.com

Indeed
http://www.indeed.com/

Monster Job Search
http://jobsearch.monster.com/

SimplyHired Job Search
http://www.simplyhired.com/

 

Resources with Other Health Career Resources

Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (Sustainability-Focused Graduate Degree Programs)
http://www.aashe.org/resources/academic-programs/type/masters/

Association of Schools of Public Health (Graduate Schools of Public Health)
http://www.aspph.org/

Delta Omega Honorary Society in Public Health (Mentor Network for Public Health)
http://www.deltaomega.org/mentorNetwork.cfm

Explore Health Careers.org
http://explorehealthcareers.org/en/home

Mapping Your Future (Career Advice)
http://mappingyourfuture.org/planyourcareer/findwork.htm

Career Key (Career Advice)
http://www.careerkey.org/ 

 

 

References: 

1. Karl, K. A., & Sutton, C. L.  (1998).  Job values in today's workforce: A comparison of public and private sector employees.  Public Personnel Management, 27(4), 515-527. 

2. University of California Davis Internship and Career Center.  (2013).  Differences among the nonprofit, for-profit, and public sectors.  Retrieved from http://iccweb.ucdavis.edu/lab/business/Differences.htm

Last Updated: 8/14/2014
Web content contact: Dr. Stephen L. Firsing III, sfirsing@coastal.edu