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Careers in Health

Careers in Health

Differences Between Careers in Public Health and Health Professions

Careers in public health work with populations to prevent disease and promote human health.  Below are some common career specialties in health promotion and public health.

  • Applied Health Research
  • Biostatistics and Data Management
  • Preparedness and Emergency Management  
  • Environmental Health
  • Epidemiology and Disease Control  
  • Family and Child Health
  • Global Health
  • Health Education/Promotion
  • Health Communications 
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy and Management
  • Health Services Administration
  • Nutrition/Dietetics
  • Occupational Safety
  • Public Health Laboratory Practice
  • Sexual and Reproductive Health 
  • For more information, please visit: www.whatispublichealth.org

Careers in health professions work with individuals to diagnose and treat disease.  Below are some common career specialties in health professions.

  • Audiology
  • Biomedical Research 
  • Dentistry
  • Forensic Science
  • Medicine
  • Nursing
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Optometry
  • Pharmacy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Physician Assistant
  • Speech Language Pathology
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • For more information, visit: www.explorehealthcareers.org

 

Comparison Between Work Settings in Public Health and Health Professions1,2

Careers in both public health and health professions exist in many work settings such as communities, schools, hospitals, laboratories, and corporations.  All work settings may be separated into three employment sectors: public, nonprofit, and private.  Below are descriptions of those employment sectors.

  • Public sector careers include employment with federal, state, county or city government agencies or organizations.  Careers in the public sector serve the public good and are funded (fully or partly) through public monies (taxes).  Example agencies or organizations include Coastal Carolina University, S.C. Department of Education, S. C. Department of Health and Environmental Control, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and U.S. National Institutes of Health.
  • Nonprofit sector careers include employment with organizations that provide services for public good to supplement or support public sector agencies.  Nonprofit organizations are classified as 501(c) by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and operate using various funding mechanisms such as monies from government grants, donations, or services delivered to consumers.  Example organizations include the American Cancer Society, American Red Cross, American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), and United Way.
  • Private sector careers include employment with corporations, companies, or other organizations that operate by private individuals or groups to make a profit (money) for its owners, shareholders, or the company.  Private organizations range from a mom-and-pop company to a global Fortune 500 corporation. Example organizations include Carolinas HealthCare System, Johnson & Johnson, Cardinal Health, GlaxoSmithKline, and Walmart.   

 

Responsibilities and Competencies for Health Education Specialists3

Below are the seven areas of responsbility.  For more information, please visit: www.nchec.org  

  1. Assess Needs, Assets and Capacity for Health Education
  2. Plan Health Education
  3. Implement Health Education
  4. Conduct Evaluation and Research Related to Health Education
  5. Administer and Manage Health Education
  6. Serve as a Health Education Resource Person
  7. Communicate and Advocate for Health and Health Education

 

Resources for Career Opportunities in Health

Mixed Health Career Databases

American Public Health Association Career Mart

http://careers.apha.org/careerdev/

 

Disability Scoop Jobs

http://jobs.disabilityscoop.com/ 

 

Emory Public Health Employment Connection

http://cfusion.sph.emory.edu/PHEC/phec.cfm

 

Health Promotion Career Network

http://hpcareer.net

 

National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc.

http://www.nchec.org/news/docs/jobs.htm

 

National Network of Public Health Institutes

http://nnphi.org/news-events/careers-2

 

Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce

http://phpartners.org/jobs.html 

 

Public Health Jobs

http://www.publichealthjobs.net/

 

Public Health Jobs Worldwide

http://www.jobspublichealth.com/

 

Society for Public Health Education (Membership Required)

http://www.sophe.org/Sophe_Jobs_Internship.cfm

 

South Carolina Healthcare Jobs

http://healthcare.jobs.net/jobs/south-carolina.aspx

 

Wellness Council of America

http://www.welcoa.org/freeresources/index.php?category=14

 

Public Sector Careers 

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (Database)

http://www.jobtarget.com/home/index.cfm?site_id=10681

 

National Association of County and City Health Officials (Database)

http://careers.naccho.org/

 

South Carolina Budget and Control Board Human Resources

http://www.ohr.sc.gov/OHR/OHR-jobs-portal-index.phtm

 

USAJOBS, the U. S. Federal Government's Official Employment Database

http://usajobs.gov 

 

U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

http://www.ahrq.gov/about/careers/index.html

 

U.S. Air Force Civilian Health Promotion Opportunities

Apply online at Spectrum Healthcare Resources

www.SHRUSA.com

 

U.S. Department of Food and Drug Administration

http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WorkingatFDA/default.htm

 

U.S. Department of Health Resources and Services Administration

http://www.hrsa.gov/hr/index.html

 

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

http://www.hhs.gov/careers/

 

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

http://www.cdc.gov/employment/

 

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health

http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/employment.htm

 

U.S. Department of State

http://www.state.gov/careers/

 

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

http://www.va.gov/jobs/  

 

U.S. National Institutes of Health

http://www.jobs.nih.gov/

 

U.S. National Library of Medicine

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/careers/jobopenings.html

 

Nonprofit Sector Careers

American Association of Retired Persons

http://jobs.aarp.org/

 

American Cancer Society

http://www.cancer.org/aboutus/employmentopportunities/

 

American Red Cross

http://www.redcross.org/about-us/careers

 

Chronicle of Philanthropy (Database)

http://philanthropy.com/jobs/ 

 

Doctors Without Borders

http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/work

 

Foundation Center (Database of Foundations)

http://foundationcenter.org/pnd/jobs/

 

Idealist (Database)

http://idealist.org

 

Medical Library Association

http://www.mlanet.org/jobs/index.html

 

Nonprofit Jobs (Database)

http://nonprofitjobs.org/

 

OpportunityKnocks (Database)

http://opportunitynocs.org/

 

Partners in Health

http://www.pih.org/pages/employment

 

Public Health Foundation

http://www.phf.org/AboutUs/Pages/Employment_Opportunities.aspx

 

South Carolina Association of Nonprofit Organizations (Database)

http://www.scanpo.org/nonprofit-job-center/

 

United Nations

http://www.un.org/en/employment/

 

United Nations Global Opportunities

http://careers.un.org/lbw/Home.aspx

 

United Way

http://apps.unitedway.org/jobs/

 

World Health Organization

http://www.who.int/employment/en/

See also http://www.who.int/hac/about/careers_roster/en/index.html

 

Work For a Good Cause (Database)

http://www.work4agoodcause.com

 

Private Sector Careers

Aetna

http://www.aetna.com/about-aetna-insurance/aetna-careers/

 

BlueCross BlueShield

http://www.bcbs.com/careers/  

 

Cardinal Health

http://www.cardinal.com/us/en/Careers/

 

Carolinas HealthCare System

http://careers.carolinashealthcare.org/

 

Conway Medical Center

http://conwaymedicalcenter.com/Careers.aspx   

 

GlaxoSmithKline

http://www.gsk.com/careers.html

 

Johnson & Johnson

http://careers.jnj.com/

 

McLeod Health/Hospital

http://www.mcleodhealth.org/careers/

 

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center 

http://careers.mskcc.org/ 

 

Education Careers

Academic Keys (Database)

http://education.academickeys.com/seeker_job.php

 

American Education Research Association

http://www.jobtarget.com/home/home.cfm?site_id=557

 

American School Health Association (Career Center)

http://careercenter.ashaweb.org/   

 

Chalkboard, Opportunities for Educators (Database)

http://www.thechalkboard.com/Opportunities/EdOp.html

 

Chronicle of Higher Education Career Network

www.chronicle.com/jobs/

 

Coastal Carolina University Human Resources

https://www.coastal.edu/hreo/employment/index.html

 

Diverse Issues in Higher Education Jobs

http://diversejobs.net/

 

Education World Employment Center Online

http://www.education-world.com/jobs

 

HigherEd Jobs

http://www.higheredjobs.com/

 

National Education Association

http://www.nea.org/home/825.htm

 

University of South Carolina Division of Human Resources

http://hr.sc.edu/employ.html  

 

Teachers (Database)

http://www.teachers.net/

 

Nutrition Careers

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

http://www.healthecareers.com/eatright

 

American Botanical Council 

http://abc.herbalgram.org/site/PageServer?pagename=Employment

 

Center for Science in Public Interest 

http://www.cspinet.org/about/jobs.html

 

U.S. Food and Drug Administration 

http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WorkingatFDA/default.htm

 

U.S. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

http://nccam.nih.gov/about/jobs

 

U.S. Pharmacopeia 

https://uspcareers.silkroad.com/uspext/EmploymentListings/EmploymentListingsUSP.html

 

Generic Career Search Engines

Career Builder

http://www.careerbuilder.com

 

Indeed

http://www.indeed.com/

 

Monster Job Search

http://jobsearch.monster.com/

 

SimplyHired Job Search

http://www.simplyhired.com/

 

Other Health Career Resources

Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (Sustainability-Focused Graduate Degree Programs)

http://www.aashe.org/resources/academic-programs/type/masters/

 

Association of Schools of Public Health (Graduate Schools of Public Health)

http://www.aspph.org/

 

Delta Omega Honorary Society in Public Health (Mentor Network for Public Health)

http://www.deltaomega.org/mentorNetwork.cfm

 

Mapping Your Future (Career Advice)

http://mappingyourfuture.org/planyourcareer/findwork.htm

 

Career Key (Career Advice)

http://www.careerkey.org/

 

References: 

1. Karl, K. A., & Sutton, C. L.  (1998).  Job values in today's workforce: A comparison of public and private sector employees.  Public Personnel Management, 27(4), 515-527. 

2. University of California Davis Internship and Career Center.  (2013).  Differences among the nonprofit, for-profit, and public sectors.  Retrieved from http://iccweb.ucdavis.edu/lab/business/Differences.htm

3. National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc.  (2008).  Responsibilities and competencies for health education specialists.  Retrieved from http://www.nchec.org/credentialing/responsibilities/

Last Updated: 10/31/2013